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Aim and Scope

ISSN 2958-3799 (Print) ISSN 2958-3802 (Online) Advances in Business and Commerce is an Open Access, double-blind peer reviewed, biannual research journal published by Malik Firoz Khan Noon Business School, University of Sargodha, Pakistan. The aim of journal is to publish high quality articles and reviews on all aspects of business and commerce. Journal provides a rapid forum to publish article which emphasis on innovative m... Read More

Current Issue



Volume 1, Issue 1, 2022

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  • Abstract

    The present study attempts to analyze the impact of board gender diversity on firm performance and financial risk. For this purpose the data of 42 listed financial companies has been collected from the year 2010 to 2018. The data was analyzed using panels regression model. The aim of this research is to determine the impact of female presence in the board on risk and performance of firms. Results showed that gender diversity significantly impacts the risk of non-financial companies while it also has a negative impact on return on assets but insignificant impact of return on equity.

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    Authors

    Mian Sajid Nazir and Saima Zareen

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  • Abstract

    The study's goal is to determine the level of life satisfaction among working and unemployed women in urban and rural locations. The research design of this study is quantitative as well as qualitative. A survey research method has been used. Data were collected by conducting interviews as well as by using 5 items of satisfaction with life scale on a 7-point Likert scale. The sample size of the study was 100 respondents, 50 from urban areas and 50 from rural areas, of which 25 working women and 25 were non-working women. The result of the study shows that in the urban area the highest level of life satisfaction was among working women, whereas in the rural area the highest level of life satisfaction was among non-working women. By comparing overall urban and rural areas, we found the highest level of life satisfaction among working women in urban areas. This study will be beneficial for all women living in urban as well as rural areas to remove their confusion, about whether it's good for them to do the job or it’s fine to stay at home and not do the job.

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    Authors

    Bushra Rehman and Muhammad Zeeshan Zafar

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  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to test decision making theories; classical, behavioral and group shift in a large sample of real world data from a professional business setting of mutual funds industry to find out which management structure contributes more in the success of mutual funds in terms of displaying better performance and bringing in more profits. Current study examines the relationship between performance and management team structure of mutual funds of Pakistan over the period of 5 years. It is found that the team-managed funds outperform single-managed funds in terms of risk-adjusted returns which validates behavioral decision making theory. Moreover, it is also observed that small mutual funds outperformed large mutual funds. Furthermore, systematic risk is positively related with the performance of mutual funds. However, financial crises negatively affect the performance of mutual funds.

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    Authors

    Muhammad Jam e Kausar Ali Asghar, Qurat ul Ain and Hafiza Tahira Fazal

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  • Abstract

    This study responds to a current trend in which social welfare workers demonstrate altruistic behavior and spirituality as a result of their job satisfaction. According to social cognition theory, this phenomenon is formed by the interaction of environmental, personal, and behavioral components, all of which are major drivers of life satisfaction objectives. The goal of this study was to investigate how altruistic behavior and spirituality influence life satisfaction. This study used a targeted sampling technique and a sample of 200 welfare workers was collected from different organizations. Empirical results indicate a significant positive association between altruism, spirituality and life satisfaction, and altruism is also a significant predictor of life satisfaction among social workers. In addition, gender-specific differences in the degree of altruism and life satisfaction among male social workers compared to female social workers are high. The article culminates in various theoretical and practical contributions, limitations and research directions for the future.

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    Authors

    Sajid Hassan, Shazia Habib and Syed Muhammad Imran Haider Zaidi

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  • Abstract

    The improvement of ICTs has extraordinarily changed the manner in which individuals live and work and become a driver of the extension of financial globalization. Additionally, it achieves openings for non-industrial nations. Absence of data implies absence of freedoms to make fortune, and restricted wealth implies restricted admittance to ICTs. The people who can't admittance to ICT can't profit from ICT. Digital economy-based distribution shapes a circle of destitution for poor people. Besides, digital economy-based distribution achieves difficulties to non-industrial nations. To lessen global digital economy-based distribution, creating and immature nations need to put more in developing of framework of ICTs. State run administrations need to put generally in schooling and abilities preparing to develop countless data educated or qualified staff who can improve and dominate trend setting innovation.

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    Authors

    Zunair Saleem and Sui Dang Chen